Monday, May 25, 2020

How Social Networks Can Be Broken Down Into Two Categories

When a divorce takes place, it affects not only the direct families, but their social networks as well. Gravonetter (1973) defined the strength of a social network as a â€Å"combination of time and intimacy† (p. 1361). Social networks can be broken down into two categories: the stronger and the weaker ties. According to Gravonetter (1973), the stronger ties are the families, close friends, college friends, social circles and even co-workers. These are the people that an individual shares memories of and intimate moments with (p. 1361). The individual interacts with their stronger ties most of the time, or even on a daily basis. On the other hand, weaker ties are the institutions such as schools, the community, society, or even an individual whom they have interacted with or met through a common friend. The weaker ties provide some form of support, but not as robust compared to the strong ties (Gravonetter, 1973, p. 1361). Families undergoing or are in the process of divorce u sually seeks support from their social networks. It is then no wonder that when a divorce occurs, it usually involves everyone even the weaker ties. For stronger ties, they experience the effects of divorce as much as the direct families do. Grief and Deal (2012) found that when a couple marries, their social networks usually merge (p.422). Almost all married couples share the same set of friends and social circle so when a divorce takes place there is also a shift in their social networks (Grief and Deal,Show MoreRelatedThe Current State Of Art1733 Words   |  7 Pages the internet of things (IoT) has drawn a lot of attention from both academia’s and industries. The internet of things is often interchanged with the internet of everything. Presently, several devices can be connected at the same time, it is hoped that in the nearest future, billions of devices can be connected multifariously and will hopefully extend beyond the margins of physical components. This research w ill present the current state of art in research on the internet of things by reviewing relatedRead MorePrivacy Is Truly Lost Its Value890 Words   |  4 Pages Electronic devices is the main source of violating privacy such as social media. Social media has made it easy to advertise our personal information for the world to see which may hinders our interaction with society. What we tend to forget is that our privacy and personal information should be valued and protected. Society today always state claims to privacy or being private but turn right away and post everything on social media making privacy just a myth. Privacy preserves negative space aroundRead MoreSocial Media: An Information Platform for Enterprises1436 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Social Media As An Information Platform for Enterprises Introduction Social medias influence is accelerating across every aspect of society, bringing with it a need for increased authenticity, transparency and trust. For the first time customers can stand on equal ground with the brands they buy from and in some cases, are very loyal to. Of the most disruptive force in society today, social networks are revolutionizing how the consumer interacts with every strata of business and government asRead MoreOnline Gaming and Fraud in Massive Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game (MMORPG) 1359 Words   |  5 PagesAccording to a study conducted in Taiwan, the two most prevalent crimes are theft at 73.7 percent and fraud at 20.2 percent of the cases (Chen 2005). Most of the theft, according to the study, was committed with the intent of identity theft or social engineering (Chen 2005). In a separate study, the kinds of fraud committed in MMORPGs were broken down into six types of crimes and ways of committing those crimes, or attack vectors.. These categories follow two major subsets: there were three types ofRead MoreGross Domestic Product Is The Value Of Goods Produced And Services1236 Words   |  5 Pagesthe Gross Domestic Product is down 10% in Quarter One and then in Quarter Two the Gross Domestic Product has gone up by 15%. You subtract 15% from 10% and then you are left with 5%. Therefore, the economy, or the Gross Domestic Product, has grown by 5% since the last quarter. If the Gross Domestic Product was never measured, we as Americans would not know if the economy was growing, shirking, or staying the same. On news channels like FOX News, FOX Business Network, CNN, and MSNBC we hear them talkingRead MoreDeterminants Of Health And Health Of Canada Essay1394 Words   |  6 PagesDeterminants of health are specific categories in a person s life which impact their mental and physical health. Brought into light by a report produced for the Government of Canada by the minister of national health and welfare Marc Lalonde in 1974 titled A new perspective on the health of Canadians Ottawa. The report sought to move healthcare in Canada from a purely physiological process into one which included preventative measures from environment and lifestyle. This behavioural approach wasRead MoreThe Argument Of Teen Pregnancy813 Words   |  4 Pages The argument of teen pregnancy has been disputed in households across America, discussed on social media sites like Facebook, debated by many of our most powerful political leaders, and analyzed by researchers. Furthermore, pregnant teens are being judged r egularly by political groups/movements, the ultra-religious groups, and ordinary Americans. The highly publicized debate has even compelled networks such as MTV (Music Television) to produce a show called 16 Pregnant. 16 Pregnant examinesRead MoreUsing Trademe As My Case1596 Words   |  7 Pagesbuyers to sellers. TradeMe is the middle man or connection between both parties. The selling of goods or services works through an auction system instead of the classic, one price and that is it. This system benefits both buyers and sellers, the buyer can get products for cheap and sellers could also get a lot more than anticipated from their goods or services. TradeMe is a New Zealand based website and has quickly became a very popular site, having over 3.9 million active users, and 7.7 thousand peopleRead MoreThe Origins Of The Internet And Future Developments1732 Words   |  7 Pagesinterconnecting system that helped to connect millions of people. The global reach of the internet an d its ability to expand at an exponential rate, makes the internet one of the biggest tools created for commercial use. This paper will focus on how the internet was started and how it has developed since the start, growing and changing from the ARPANET into the internet of today. The internet has developed since its conception to include not only computers but mobile devices as well to connect people and expandRead MoreThe Social Media Platform Facebook1172 Words   |  5 PagesThe platform itself The social media platform Facebook, founded in 2004 was first intended for local college students to have a place online to connect and communicate, created by Mark Zuckerberg at the age of 19 as he studied at Harvard University. A new era started at thirteen years later Facebook rose to become the world largest social media network, giving people the ability to communicate and share worldwide. Often used for friends and family to stay connected easier, express themselves and

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Business Plan on Indoor Sports Complex - 5579 Words

[Type the document title] [Type the document subtitle] [Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.] 2013 3/28/2013 TabTable of Contents 1.1 Business Model 7 1.1.1 Company Overview 7 1.1.3 Objectives 8 1.1.4 Mission 8 1.1.5 Vision 8 What is Futsal? 8 1.1.6 Facilities 9 1.1.7 SERVICES 10 1.1.8 Pitch 10 1.1.9 Sports Store 10 1.1.10 Food Court 10 1.2.1 Concept: 11 1.2.2 Location 11 1.2.3 Management 12 Company Ownership 12 1.2.4 Personnel 12 2 The marketing Plan 13 2.1 Market Analysis Summary†¦show more content†¦Recognized by the FIFA as the official form of indoor football, it a star in its own rights. It is attractive for youth and middle aged corporate officials, who can exercise their passion for football long after the sun has gone down. After many arranged tournaments in the impromptu indoor sports complexes, there begs to be an organized solution for enthusiasts in this sport. That’s where â€Å"Sportsvana† comes in. It blends virtues of traditional football with an unprecedented package. We will offer a fully functioning sport store, sports rental, and food court and foosball table at our premises. Of those who are just about crazy for football, we offer an immersive experience bar any other. Even if you like a game in your playstation better, we dare to convert you. On the other side, it functions in its legal form as a partnership business, and its marketing channels, promotions and financial projections are shown in the proposal. We blend innovative marketing technique with a truly unique USP, and our strong suit is being able bond with people, being enthusiasts and players as well. That said, there is a need to upgrade the market to suit women’s needs as well, and we will see to regularly hosting women’s futsal tournament, and make it as popular as women basketball or handball in this country. With the mission and vision on our sight, we cannot but be hopeful of our future, building a greater tomorrow with this harmonious sport. 1.1Show MoreRelatedDesara Korreshi. Professor Gloria Cevallos. Business 101.1153 Words   |  5 PagesDesara Korreshi Professor Gloria Cevallos Business 101 April 26, 2017 Business Plan My business plan is to open a volleyball court. The ACE Courts will be a full-service Volleyball complex situated in Paramus, New Jersey. There is currently no other sports facilities like this one anywhere in Bergen County. This plan will be used to define the scope of our services, as well as a means of gaining the necessary investments to open the facility. It will also be used on a continual basis in the evaluationRead MoreBusiness Plan for a full-service multi-sport complex.2366 Words   |  10 PagesPREMIERE COURTS SPORTS AND RECREATION CENTER 1.0 Executive Summary The Premiere Courts will be a full-service multi-sport complex situated along Greensprings Highway in Birmingham, Alabama. There are currently no other sports facilities like this one anywhere in the Birmingham area. This plan will be used to define the scope of our services, as well as a means of gaining the necessary investments to open the facility. It will also be used on a continual basis in the evaluation of The Premiere CourtsRead MoreDecision Hotel For Upcoming Leadership Essay903 Words   |  4 Pagesmanagers on Skype and through email or fax. Royal Oak Inn categorise in upper scale and Comfort Inn Brandon in the upscale class. For secondary research method, I used hotel business review magazine, newspapers, Monetized, check in with local tourist and These hotels are located in Manitoba. Because of education, trade business and infrastructure point of view it is leading province of Canada. Manitoba is landscape of leaks, mountains, rivers and forest. 1. Royal Oak Inn and Suites The RoyalRead MoreThe Operating Budget For The Department Of Parks And Parks1306 Words   |  6 Pagesfacilities as playgrounds, picnic pavilions, multi-use paths and open space. The Department also operates a recreation center that supports a tennis center, aquatic center, indoor basketball, racquetball courts, and state of the art fitness center. In addition to the indoor facilities the department supports an athletic complex, soccer/lacrosse fields, a skating park and a dog park. Parks and Recreations offer over 3,000 recreation programs this last year, which include programs for all ages. AdditionallyRead MoreSports Complex ( Bsc )1731 Words   |  7 PagesMark Lauber, a Wharton School of Business graduate, founded Branchburg Sports Complex (BSC) in 2008 after selling his and his father’s previous venture to another company. As a lover of sports and family entertainment destinations such as Disney Land, Mark envisioned bringing the â€Å"wow-factor† that these world renowned destinations possess to the realm of sports centers. BSC is a 78,000 square foot facility consisting of four indoor turf fields, basketball courts, training center, multi-level PlayMazeRead MorePhase 2747 Words   |  3 Pagesidea | 18. Write a business letter | 19. Plant a garden | 20. Read art and music magazines # | 21. Work on crafts | 22. Serve others # | 23. Lead a group # | 24. Use word processing software # | 25. Use your hands # | 26. Buy clothes for a store # | 27. Take photographs # | 28. Lead group discussions | 29. Work on a political campaign | 30. Collect or organize things # | 31. Tend or train animals | 32. Use computers# | 33. Sketch, draw, or paint | 34. Attend sports events # | 35. HaveRead MoreState Center Case Study1178 Words   |  5 Pagesprevent defaulting at yesterday’s city council meeting. City Treasurer and Clerk E.Z. Million announced that he, Mayor Rudy Walker and the City Manager John Paul Black had developed a plan to prevent going over the yearly budget, with a majority of the new revenue coming from increasing the sales tax to 2% from 1.25%, a plan the members of the city-council’s No New Taxes Coalition showed resistance towards. â€Å"This deficit is not in any way the fault of the city council nor is it the fault of the cityRead MoreA Successful Marketing Strategy Essay1070 Words   |  5 Pagesorganized sports team, people are exercising for a healthier heart, enjoyment or both. However, the stress of exercise can take its toll on our bodies, especially on our joints. Frank L. VanderSloot, President and CEO of Melaluca: The Wellness Company started this company to sell products containing melaluca oil, however, the demand for more products with natural ingredients led to the development of Replenex ® and many other products for the body. Replenex ®, a joint-replenishing complex with glucosamineRead MoreState Center Case Study Solution1205 Words   |  5 Pagesdefaulting at yesterday’s City Council meeting. City Treasurer and Clerk E.Z. Million announced that he, Mayor Rudy Walker and the City Manager John Paul Black had developed a plan to prevent a shortfall in the yearly budget, with a majority of the new revenue coming from increasing the sales tax to two percent from 1.25 percent, this plan was controversial with the members of the City Council’s No New Taxes Coalition. â€Å"This deficit is not in any way the fault of the City Council nor is it the fault of theRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management Case Study1167 Words   |  5 PagesStrategic Human Resource Management In today’s business world, the most powerful asset to a company and what deserves the most attention are their employees. Businesses strive for a high profitable environment by sustaining a competitive edge in the market that they operate. There are a lot of factors that drive a businesses’ success level, but the employees are by far the most vital resource to a company’s well being. Research has shown that productivity and overall performance are related to the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marketing of Tobacco Products Essay examples - 2282 Words

Marketing of Tobacco Products Marketing is a social and managerial process by which individuals and groups obtain what they need and want through creating and exchanging products and values with others.(Kotler, Armstrong, Saunders, Wong page 5) One of the products that are exchanged through marketing is cigarettes. Tobacco is considered an inherently unethical product because is addictive, dangerous and causes environmental damage. Tobacco is also considered a pleasing product because its immediate satisfaction is high but sometimes has harmful effects in the long run. One of the long run effects of smoking is that four million people are killed every year and is estimated that the figure will rise to ten million by 2030†¦show more content†¦(Yach, Brinchmann, Bellet page 4, 7 and Sloman page 85).This injustice, urged the department of justice to file a civil lawsuit in 1999, against the largest tobacco companies, to recover the cost that federal government has to spend on smoking-related illness each year. However our concern here is not only about the cigarette as a product but with the ethics of cigarettes as well, that affect the social process of marketing. This is because marketing process makes things worse and is also considered as unethical, and as a result has a significant negative impact on the societal welfare. Multinational tobacco companies apply sophisticated strategies ( such as putting flavor in the cigarettes and placing cigarettes in the shops near the sweets to make them more appealing) and invest huge amounts of money for marketing, in order to establish brand familiarity and future loyalty among young peoplem, to secure profits in the long run. The tobacco epidemic is a man-made international health crisis, created and sustained by multinational tobacco corporations. (Yach, Brinchmann, Bellet page 2). Fortunately, the tobacco industrys behavior is likely to change due to the increasing legal and societal pressures. Much legislation has been imposed to tobacco firms based on codes of behavior, different government strategies and litigations, especially after 1980 where anti-smoking groups reactions, led to higher restrictions throughoutShow MoreRelatedTobacco Products : Marketing, And Sales858 Words   |  4 Pagesany store, right behind the register after a grocery list has been completed. Tobacco products are multi-billion dollar industries that thrive on the addiction of its’ consumers. Although individuals have the right to use tobacco products, the United states should ban the production, marketing, and sales because the marketing is geared towards teens and young adults, the health issues contributed to the use of tobacco are overwhelming, they’re highly addictive, and the effects of second-hand smokeRead MoreTobacco Advertisement: Why Restrict Marketing of Tobacco Products that Creates a Tremendous Amount of Revenue and Jobs in America1604 Words   |  7 Pagesrisks of using tobacco are common knowledg e. It is a known fact that if someone smokes their chance of getting lung cancer is increased drastically, yet so many Americans choose to do so. The FDA is taking steps to tighten the rules of tobacco marketing, some of these rules will include prohibiting self-service tobacco displays in stores, restricting vending-machine sales, and forbidding most free samples of tobacco products. (Reid pg. 1) These are just small hits to the big tobacco industry, butRead MoreTobacco Use Among Adolescents And Young Adults1287 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Tobacco use among adolescents has been increasing over the years due to marketing strategies that target adolescents and attempt to promote beliefs that influence smoking behaviors. Many of the smoking behaviors are established in adolescents and young adults who are more influenced by exposure to promotional marketing advertisements such as billboards, transit ads, and other strategies that impose acceptable social norms among their peers. According to the CDC, in 2012, 6.7% of middleRead MoreTobacco Products And Its Effects On The United States876 Words   |  4 Pagescan be found in almost any store, right behind the register after a grocery list has been completed. Tobacco companies are multi-billion dollar industries that thrive on the addiction of its consumers. The United States government should take control of tobacco companies and ban the marketing, production, and sales of tobacco. This is because health issues contributed to the use of tobacco products are overwhelmingl y high; they’re very addictive; the effects of second-hand smoke are as harmful asRead MoreThe Ethical Concerns Involving Tobacco1680 Words   |  7 PagesThe main ethical concerns involving tobacco is well known to educated Americans; however, the ethics around the marketing aspects of tobacco, especially tobacco exposure to children, are less talked about. Some of the early marketing decisions of tobacco can be traced back to one of the most renowned and valuable cigarette brands in the world, Marlboro. Marlboro first emerged onto the tobacco scene at the beginning of the nineteenth century. They originally were a cigarette brand with a female-basedRead MoreThe Dangers Of Tobacco And Alcohol Companies1576 Words   |  7 PagesTobacco and alcohol companies are more widespread than ever and are expanding their target age group in the process of them increasing profit margins for their specific company. Excessive alcohol consumption and the associated negative health effects are a major public health concern since past and more recent studies. â€Å"Almost 4% of all deaths worldwide are attributable to alcohol† (Graham 1). Also, more than half of people who are frequent smokers started prior to the legal smoking age of eighteenRead MoreTobacco Use Will Kill One Billion People This Century978 Words   |  4 PagesHistory â€Å"IF LEFT UNCHECKED, TOBACCO USE WILL KILL ONE BILLION PEOPLE THIS CENTURY († One billion people is a staggering number to die from a consumer product that is widely available and promoted worldwide by the multinational company Phillip Morris International. The explosion of mainstream tobacco use and acceptance in the twentieth century began with an attitude of glamor and toughness. This approach fueled by magnetic film stars smoking in the movies between the 1920’Read MoreEssay Cash Crop: The Silent Killer847 Words   |  4 Pagesin humanity. Tobacco Companies’ love of money causes them to continue to promote and sell tobacco products even though these products are excessively harmful to their customers. During advertising campaigns, tobacco advertisers research people most likely to use their product and target that audience by mentioning the positives of using tobacco. Tobacco companies attempt to sell their products through carefully crafted messages accompanying every tobacco advertisement. In tobacco ads, advertisersRead MoreIs Marketing Really All That Ethical?1453 Words   |  6 Pages Is Marketing really all that ethical? Marketing has been used as a forefront for promoting the sale of products, and services to customers for centuries. We see examples of marketing every day channeled through mediums such as television, radio, newspapers, product packaging, and massive billboards on the side of the road. As humans, we are naturally wired to fall for the so called ‘next best product’, the ‘intriguingly eye catching packaging’, and the ‘lowest price’. However, what we are notRead MorePhillip Morrison: Marketing Case Study1156 Words   |  5 PagesMarketing case study Phillip Morrison is one of the largest corporations in the United States, and an epitome of business success. The company nevertheless sells tobacco products, which are harmful for the health of the people. This dimension of their business operations increases the complexity of attaining success for the company, in the meaning that the organization has to employ powerful marketing tools to promote its products. The previous pages have revealed analyses of the company and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Ronald Reagan Essay Example For Students

Ronald Reagan Essay Ronald Reagan had a very successful life. He was the 40th president of the United States (1981-1989). He was an actor for 30 years before he became involved with politics and starred in more than 50 movies. Reagan was born on February 6, 1911 in Tampico, Illinois. Reagan was raised by his traveling shoe salesman father John Reagan, and his mother Nelle. John was an alcoholic and was saved from the Great Depression by the Works Progress Administration. Reagan was strongly influenced by his mother, who taught him to read at an early age. After High School, Ronald Reagan won a Scholarship to Eureka College in Peoria, Illinois. He was very active at Eureka. He majored in economics, student body president, captain of the swimming team, and was on the football team. He became interested in acting, but after his graduation in 1932 the only job available that was related to show biz was a local radio sportscaster. In 1936 he took the job as a sportscaster for WHO radio station in Des Moines, Iowa. Reagan moved to Hollywood in 1937 and began a 30-year acting career. Some of his noted movies were Knute Rockne-All American, Kings Row, and Bedtime for Bozo. During his acting career, Reagan was elected as the president of the Screen Actors Guild six times. He married Jane Wyman, had two children, but divorced her eight years later. He married Nancy Davis in 1952 and they had two more children. As president of the union, he tried to remove communists from the movie industry. Reagans first national political scene was when he did a speech supporting Republican presidential candidate Senator Barry Goldwater. Even though Goldwater lost the election, he brought in money and praise from fellow Republicans around the country. Reagan decided to run for Governor of California in 1966 and defeated Edmund G. Brown, Sr., by nearly one million votes. His two terms as governor were tough because six of the eight years he served the legislature was controlled by Democrats, him being a Republican. As governor, Reagan became known as a conservative politician who wanted to restrict government involvement in economy and society. Ronald Reagan made a last-minute effort to get the 1968 Republican presidential nomination. He was defeated by Richard Nixon who became president. Reagan also tried to win the presidential nomination again in 1976 but lost to Gerald Ford. Ronald Reagan announced his candidacy in November 1979, after making political friends at party fund-raising dinners around the country. He easily defeated the other nominees for the Republican nomination. He chose Gerald Ford as his vice-president. But when Fords negotiators proposed that the vice-president should share presidential powers, Reagan chose George Bush instead. During the campaign against Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter, the biggest issue was the economy. Reagan blamed Carter for weaknesses in foreign policy and a weak army. During the time of the election Reagan had great public support, which made it easier to push his program through congress. When Reagan became president he started out in a recession. 11 percent of the work force was unemployed in fall, 1982. This recession reduced inflation significantly, but the interest rates remained high. During the next two years the economic recovery began. The unemployment came down, but thousands of factory jobs disappeared. The new jobs, which were mostly in service industries, paid less, leaving inflation low. Reagans economic policy worked on the claim that investment in industry and spending by consumers would eventually increase tax revenues. With this policy, he persuaded Congress to pass the Economic Recovery Tax Act. This enacted tax cuts that benefited upper-income taxpayers and large corporations. He also made cuts in spending for job training, college loans, food and medical programs, payments for those with disabilities, child daycare centers, and centers for the elderly. .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .postImageUrl , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:hover , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:visited , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:active { border:0!important; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:active , .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980 .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u25f243b2fb1f93579eebcb02b33e5980:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Nan nan EssayReagan relaxed environmental and safety standards and helped struggling savings and loan institution. He also believed that labor unions interfered with economic efficiency. When 11,800 members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers went on strike in August 1981 wanting higher pay and a shorter workweek. Reagan just dismissed all 11,800 strikers. All of Reagans actions fueled a 5-year stock market increase. During his run, he had very high military bills and was forced to borrow money from different countries, especially Japan. The huge deficit kept interest rates very high which made the value of the U.S. dollar soar. But a large devaluation of the dollar in 1986 failed to overcome the huge trade deficit. This caused a panic on Wall St. as the stock market fell as it had in 1929. After this Congress stopped approving increases in the military budget. Reagan had a powerful impact on civil liberties and rights. The Justice Department cut back its efforts in enforcing job discrimination and fair housing laws. After a public alarm about drug use he suggested that all employers test their workers for drug use and they fire them if caught more than once. He also pushed for a law to be passed allowing no discrimination for people with AIDS, but it wasnt passed. Reagan fought communism as a president hard. With Dtente, a peaceful policy for coexistence with the USSR, and called it an evil empire. He launched a crusade against governments and movements under Soviet influence. Another point of Reagans foreign policy was to reverse the momentum of the Marxist revolution in Central America. After a revolution in Nicaragua had disposed of former leader Anatosio Somoza, the U.S. accused the new Sandinista government of aiding rebels in El Salvador with weapons. So the Reagan cut his aid to Nicaragua and started supporting anti-Sandinista guerilla movements known as the contras. Then Nicaragua signed an aid pact with USSR. He then supplied El Salvador with arms. Reagan also sent a huge amount of military equipment to Muslim guerillas fighting the communist government of Afghanistan. In 1982, in an effort to strengthen the Lebanon government, he sent marines to Lebanon. In October 1983, 250 marines were killed when their Beirut headquarters was bombed. Reagan removed his troops. Those remaining were often captured by Muslim radicals. In 1987 Kuwait asked for Soviet and U.S. aid during the Iran-Iraq war in the Persian Gulf. The last two years of Reagans presidency were marred by a political scandal, which badly damaged his reputation as an honest person and committed to principle. The scandal was that the U.S. had secretly sold weapons to Iran and had diverted the profits from the sale to help the contras. Reagan denied the allegations. There was also said to be a law saying that the U.S. couldnt aid the contras. This revealed to be true and Reagan lost his image. In conclusion, Ronald Reagan was definitely one of our nations greatest presidents ever. He helped us in so many ways. I think if the media werent so republican biased then more people would realize how great President Reagan really was. Words/ Pages : 1,142 / 24

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Analysis of Girl By Jamaica Kincaid free essay sample

This story seems as if it was in the past. the mother seems to have high expectations for the daughter, but does not feel as if she is getting through to her daughter. the mother in the story, was expected to know everything about domestic survival, she was considered the teacher for the girl in the story. We will write a custom essay sample on Analysis of Girl By: Jamaica Kincaid or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page she was offering advice but at the same time she was scolding the girl for her promiscuity. there is no structure to this prose poem, I think the author did this on purpose to show that the narrator had a lot of information to give her daughter. this story seems as if it was in the past. the mother seems to have high expectations for the daughter, but does not feel as if she is getting through to her daughter. the mother in the story, was expected to know everything about domestic survival, she was considered the teacher for the girl in the story. she was offering advice but at the same time she was scolding the girl for her promiscuity. there is no structure to this prose poem, I think the author did this on purpose to show that the narrator had a lot of information to give her daughter. this story seems as if it was in the past. the mother seems to have high expectations for the daughter, but does not feel as if she is getting through to her daughter. the mother in the story, was expected to know everything about domestic survival, she was considered the teacher for the girl in the story. she was offering advice but at the same time she was scolding the girl for her promiscuity. there is no structure to this prose poem, I think the author did this on purpose to show that the narrator had a lot of information to give her daughter.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Utilitarianism and Abortion

Utilitarianism and Abortion Free Online Research Papers The debate over abortion usually focuses on politics and law and the most frequently asked question tends to be whether or not abortion should be outlawed or continue to be allowed at the discretion of each individual. Behind these debates are the most basic of ethical questions which do not always receive the attention they may deserve. There are many opinions on this topic, however, a good place to start is whether or not law has the authority to rule over morality and whether the laws that we have now bring enough attention to the moral value of abortion. Along with these concepts abortion can also be viewed through the eyes of the utilitarian approach to ethics which focuses on both pleasure and pain and the ability to maximize pleasure over pain. To do so we must first know exactly what abortion is and then must also have a broad definition of what the utilitarian theory encompasses. Abortion by definition is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus resulting in its death. The utilitarian theory by definition focuses on the rightness or wrongness of the act in question and its effects on a community as a whole (Katz, 2004). Viewing abortion through the utilitarian approach, theorists would want to distinguish between the possibility of pleasure and pain instances of abortion over the amounts of pleasure and pain when abortion is not the option. Most would think that the best place to begin this discussion would be from the prospects of the fetus itself however, that is not always the case. The first thing to consider is that through abortion and the stopping of the fetus’s life the fetus can be said to have any possible pleasure taken away from it. Secondly, no one knows for sure what level of pain is inflicted through the procedure, especially in the later stages of pregnancy. Unfortunately, this focus seems to be unjustified because many say that the abortion could have been done earlier and with less invasive techniques. The problem with both of these possibilities is that who determines the amount of pain inflicted? Usually adults in experimental settings so then the question that follows must be how can adults know how an unborn fetus itself will feel? Another consideration would have to be that the life of the unborn fetus would promote a much greater amount of happiness over pain. Again no one knows exactly what the future may hold, but it is very likely that these individuals, who are essentially put to death against their will, have a very happy life. This, however, cannot happen once an abortion has taken place because any chance for the fetus to experience happiness in any form has been removed. The possibilities of pleasure over pain for an unborn fetus later in life must be thoroughly considered when applying the utilitarian method to the process of abortion. The third group that must be accounted for are the parents and extended family of the unborn child. Those who intend on having a child are doing so under careful consideration and thus happiness should prevail. To the opposite of this are those who are pregnant with an unwanted child that may feel grief and are more than likely to become unhappy and even depressed from the birth of this child. This may result from financial issues or just the general unpreparedness to having a child that is not wanted. The parents and extended family are also a component of abortion that must be considered under the utilitarian method of ethics. Since the utilitarian theory focuses much of its strength on the effects individual’s acts play amongst the community rather than on the individual, much of the issue of abortion lies on its effects on a population. This is important because if a population would have to consist of a â€Å"perfect† size then it is abundantly clear that the possibility of new population (births) will be hindered in an area of consistent population while areas with underdeveloped population will be allowed to reproduce. In this way those overdeveloped areas will require abortion as a way to control the population while the underdeveloped areas will be strictly against abortion so that their population can flourish. To take this method even farther there are two very different rules that are provided by this method those being Rule and Act utilitarian. Rule utilitarian’s are more formula oriented and superficial and focus on behavioral codes or rules that are based on societal practices and institutions (Waller, 2008). This principle can be said to be a test for the morality of a moral rule and does not pertain to the action itself. An example of this is the concept â€Å"stealing is wrong†. This rule will allow for more positive then negativities to come from all of those who follow it. Rule utilitarianism then becomes a method for judging various behaviors. Rule utilitarianism allows abortion to be labeled according to moral rules thus allowing each individual a chance at a more favorable outcome over an unfavorable one. Act utilitarianism, in contrast, maintains that the morality of each action is determined in relation to the favorable and unfavorable consequences that come from the act (Waller, 2008)). This aspect seems the best fit when speaking of abortion as it focuses on the act of abortion and not just the consequences of the act or moral code. The Act portion of utilitarianism is a more moral based utilitarianism as it focuses on the act itself and the consequences that come from doing that specific act. Now that we have a broad prospective on how the utilitarian theory works in accordance to the topic of abortion we must further this discussion and apply the fundamental aspects of a variety of different theorists to the topic of abortion. The first of these coming from Peter Singer (1993) who claims â€Å"there is a clear cut answer to the question of the moral permissibility of abortion and those who think there is not ‘are simply mistaken’ (P. 135). This is an important concept to hold and brings a much heated debate on abortion that will surely require much attention in the future. Singer starts his debate on this issue at the very beginning of the life cycle and never looks back. He says as stated by Crome (2008): â€Å"One of the primary issues is that the development form from the fertilized egg to child is continuous. Consequently, it is difficult for those who want to defend abortion to establish a morally significant dividing line between the earliest stages of life when abortion would be permissible and the point at which that life turns into a properly human life, and when it would not† (pg. 2). Along the way he emphasizes that this process may hit many detours in the determining when a fetus can actually be able to live viably. This is just one of the ways Singer brings mention to the life cycle and its ability to determine when or when not an abortion is a just fact. To the opposite of this there are many instances where Singer seems to be a proponent for abortion, but at the same time shows signs that he is actually against it. He even goes to the extent of giving vivid details in the case of those who may be over the gestational age to have an abortion, but choose to go to another country to have the abortion done illegally. Peter Singer, in my opinion, gives a thorough representation of the utilitarian method of ethics. He denotes the good points and the bad points of this type of ethical judgement while giving examples to prove or disprove his methods. Another utilitarian philosopher by the name of J. S. Mill also gave great contribution to the concept of abortion and the utilitarian way. However, before we talk about how he contributed to abortion, we must get a generalization about the role he played in utilitarian ethics and morality in general by visiting an excerpt from his famous piece Utilitarian in which Mill (1998) states: â€Å"there is, I am aware, a disposition to believe that a person who sees in moral obligation a transdental fact, an objective reality belonging to the province of things in themselves; is likely to be more obedient to it than one who believes it to be entirely subjective, having its seat only in human consciousness† (P. 75). This sentiment goes the distance in explaining the type of utilitarianism Mill promoted. Unlike others he seemed to use a lighter version of utilitarianism allowing for things others would have never dreamed of. Mill went great lengths in trying to determine a more effective way to approach utilitarianism as he felt there were deeper components then just what is left to the consciousness. Mill would approach this issue through a variation of questions ending with the notion of overall pleasure. One of Mill’s (2002) firm beliefs was that â€Å"the only way in which a human being can make some approach to knowing the whole of a subject is by hearing what can be said about it by persons of every variety of opinion† (p. 259). This is intrinsic to the discussion of abortion as there are so many points of view that range from lack of opinion to utter disgust. He does however feel that individuals should be rational enough to realize whether an event will have favorable or unfavorable outcomes (Qizilbash, 2006). This being said, the pleasure or the pain behind the act becomes the justification of the act. For instance, let us consider the case of parents that are faced with having a baby that would become a disadvantage over a period of time. In this case the greater good in Mill’s view would be to abort the baby, thus forgoing the possibilit ies of grief and stress in the future. In the end the event will bring more pain then pleasure and becomes a vehicle to attain a desired pleasure and in that respect is considered a moral act. Interestingly enough Mill encountered the topic of abortion through another careful observation. If carrying and raising a baby may potentially bring pain of any sort (not being able to nurture the child properly) then the baby may be better off being aborted. This can be said because the inability to function as a good parent is a painful thing and thus the abortion becomes the appropriate thing to do. This again under Mills and the utilitarian theory becomes a moral act for those reasons. The one great distinction between Mill and others is the allowance for a calculation of pain and pleasure (Riley, 2009). These calculations were to be done on an individual basis which now allowed for each person to hold some accountability for their own pleasures and pain. Mill held many views on abortion and morality but more importantly he set into motion the fact that pleasure and pain is not necessarily a set factor and can be calculated by each individual. When viewing abortion in accordance of the utilitarian theory it is imperative that the views of Jeremy Bentham be discussed as he gives an interesting stance to the topic of abortion. His focus is on the greatest good for the overall greatest number of people and also includes the Hedonistic Calculus Theory which was extremely helpful in representing his position on abortion. He used the Hedonistic Calculus Theory as a way to determine which pleasures are of the greatest good and should be pursued by others (Nussbaum, 2004). This theory contained several different categories which were used under Bentham as a way to view each situation separately. In this way there were times when abortion would be permitted and other times when abortion would be strictly prohibited. For example, if a woman was raped and subsequently became pregnant then abortion would be justifiable because the baby could possibly bring more pain to the mother, the family, and even the baby itself. T he problem that comes about under this approach is that many times the issues surrounding abortion never really come to a final conclusion, but instead multiple conclusions may be reached depending on the variation of circumstances that arise. Bentham and his utilitarian approach definitely addresses the topic of abortion, however, leaves many opportunities for a final conclusion to never be determined. In conclusion, we have to understand that the application of the utilitarian principle of ethics seeks to set a general rule to apply to all moral decisions. In the case of abortion, the utilitarian states that all unwanted pregnancies that represent a physical, mental, emotional, and financial hardship should be terminated via abortion. Furthermore, the utilitarian does not look at the unborn fetus as in a way which happiness is to be gained or lost, but rather as a piece of society as a whole. This becomes a disadvantage because the fetus is not allowed any rights nor is it granted happiness because at this stage it does not experience a cognitive rational thought process. The limitations that the utilitarian theory adds to the discussions must also be addressed as many times there is not enough information provided to come to a final and ever so important conclusion. The utilitarian method is a straight forward way to determine the best possibilities of pleasure over pa in for all involved. References Crome, K. (2008). Is Peter Singer’s Utilitarian Argument about Abortion Tenable? Richmond Journal of Philosophy. 17, 1-9. Katz, D. (Nov. 8, 2004). Political, Public Health and Morality. New Haven Register. New Haven, Con. Mill, J. S. (2002). On Liberty. Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy. Ed. New York: Oxford. Mill, J. S. (1998). Utilitarianism. Ed. Roger Crisp. New York: Oxford University Press. 75. Nussbaum, M. (2004). Mill between Aristotle and Bentham. Daedalus. 133(2), 60-69. Qizibash, M. (2006). Capability, Happiness, and Adaptation in Sen and J. S. Mill. Utilitas, 18(1), 20-33. Riley, J. (2008). The Interpretation of Maximizing Utilitarianism. Social Philosophy and Policy, 26(1), 286-326. Singer, P. (1993). Taking Life: The Embryo and the Fetus. Practical Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 135. Waller, B. N. (2008). 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Saturday, February 22, 2020

Aztec empire art Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Aztec empire art - Essay Example Although there is no explicit evidence of bloodletting in the archeological records, there are strong beliefs that they practiced it. This is being proven by numerous ceramic spikes, thorns and artifacts which have been cited as blood letters. In Elmanati site, disarticulated skulls and femurs were found. In addition, the skeletons of newborn children were discovered. This leads to speculations that infant sacrifices were being conducted in these places. Nevertheless, it is yet unknown how these infants met their deaths. Innovation of writing by Olmec played a significant role in art and beliefs of later Mesoamerican cultures. In 2002, there was discovery of bird, speech scrolls and glyphs. These artifacts were crucial in enabling the Mesoamerican to organize their seasonal rituals. In addition, they were able to plan their activities that were significant in improving their religious beliefs. Hieroglyphs such as Epi-Olmec were also crucial in developing the Mesoamerican art. Chichen Itza and Tula have many similarities in art and architectural designs. Both cities had similar temples, an aspect that indicated that there was a close relationship between the two sites. People in these areas have similar religious structures that they used to appease their gods. In addition, the Sacred Cenote, which was a large cylindrical and natural sinkhole, had a religious importance to the local people. Tula copied some of the architectural designs from such structures. This is an indication that Itza was established before Tula. Major beliefs in Tula had some similarities with those of Itza. The artifacts indicate that the carvings and the writings had major similarities. For instance, both cities portrayed a close relationship with Plumed Serpent. The art and architecture includes different depiction of him. In addition, the carvings of big-nosed god had some relationship between